Environmental Conservation

Bush burning is common in areas where large chunks of land are uncultivated.


Uganda has a total area of 241,038 sq. km, with a land area of about 236,000 sq. Km comprising cultivated areas, arable but uncultivated land, range lands, mountains and built up areas. About 16% of the total area constitutes water and swamps while 7% is under forests. Excluding lakes, swamps and forest reserves, more than 75% of the country (18 million hectares) is available for cultivation, pasture or both.

Soil conservation

Agricultural activities, unless carefully planned and controlled, have negative environmental impacts. The main cause of soil degradation and declining productivity includes increasing population, inappropriate farming practices and changing land use resulting in over cultivation and absence of fallow periods. There is evidence of declining productivity especially in fragile ecosystems as well as the limited use of improved farming techniques and inputs to ensure soil conservation. Land fragmentation and a multiplicity of land ownership arrangement further hinder adoption of improved soil conservation techniques which minimise soil degradation and possibly even restore soil productivity (NEMA, 1996).

Planned actions

Over the next five years, ULA will engage government on enforcement of commitments to natural resources and environmental management. We shall conduct environmental awareness campaigns on conservation issues like proper land use and management, rational use of fertilisers and pesticide, proper waste disposal and management, land pollution, climate change, etc.