Equality in property ownership

Property rights economically empower women by creating opportunities for earning income, securing their place in the community and ensuring their livelihoods. When women are economically empowered, it spurs development for their families and communities.

Land in Uganda is a very important resource for most households. People use land to live on, grow food, keep animals, make their livelihoods and for other purposes. While the Constitution recognizes the right of all people to own land, the reality is that most land in Uganda is owned by men, even if mostly women work the land. Many socio-cultural practices discriminate against women and discourage them from owning land.

According to many Ugandan cultures, women do not own land. Land often belongs to the family or clan and is held by men, though women may have the right to live on land and to farm it. In most cultures, property customarily belongs to the male members of the society. A woman may also be counted as property if the man or his family has given bride wealth for her. In addition, property acquired by a married woman is counted as a man's property and he may use it to marry other women.

However, some cultures allow women to purchase, inherit and own land, animals and some household property. However, society usually frowns at such women as greedy social failures and some men fear to marry women who own property. 

ULA works with traditional leaders, both men and women, to increase their awareness levels on the property rights of all persons and how equality in property ownership can enhance community welfare. Women's land rights advocates are promoting property co-ownership for married couples and respect for inheritance rights of men and women, young and old.